A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord from an accident or other trauma. Depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured, people with SCI may lose some or all movement in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia). People with SCI may experience serious complications after completing their inpatient rehabilitation and moving back into the community. Some of the most common complications include urinary tract infections (UTIs), autonomic dysreflexia (AD, a dangerous rise in blood pressure), and pressure sores.
About half a million Americans are treated for burn injuries each year, and many of these burn injuries occur in the workplace. A burn injury may result from a fire or contact with hot liquids, electricity, or chemicals. People may experience physical limitations after a burn injury that may make it difficult to return to work. Studies have shown that up to one in four burn survivors become unemployed and do not return to work after their injury.
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage after a head trauma, such as from an accident. A TBI can cause symptoms that last for many years after the injury. Research has shown that fatigue is one of the most common long-term problems people may experience after a TBI. Fatigue may cause a person to feel too tired to keep up with work, family, or leisure activities. In past studies, regular exercise such as walking has been linked to lower levels of fatigue in people with many different types of disabilities, but this has not been well studied in people with TBI.
The contents of NARIC web site were developed under a contract from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (contract #GS-06F-0726Z). However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the NIDILRR, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government
National Rehabilitation Information Center 8400 Corporate Drive, Suite 500 Landover, MD 20785