research in focus

High Parental Expectations and Early Supports May Improve Employment Prospects for Youth with Deaf-Blindness

About 10,000 infants, children, and youth in the United States are considered “deaf-blind.” Deaf-blindness is an uncommon and complex disability. People who are deaf-blind have both visual and hearing impairments that are significant enough to require special supports beyond those used by people who are blind or deaf only. Some people with deaf-blindness also have other disabilities which may impact their physical or mental health, or their ability to communicate as well as increase their need for specialized supports.

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Some Complications Are More Common During the First Year After Spinal Cord Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord from an accident or other trauma. Depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured, people with SCI may lose some or all movement in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia). People with SCI may experience serious complications after completing their inpatient rehabilitation and moving back into the community. Some of the most common complications include urinary tract infections (UTIs), autonomic dysreflexia (AD, a dangerous rise in blood pressure), and pressure sores.
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For People with Recent Spinal Cord Injuries, Pneumonia and Pressure Ulcers May Be Connected

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is lasting damage to the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. SCI causes a loss of feeling and movement below the point of injury, which can be either complete (no feeling or movement) or incomplete (some feeling, movement, or both). Some people with SCI require a ventilator for breathing if their injury is in the upper part of the spine. People with SCI usually receive initial medical treatment in a hospital, and then transfer to a rehabilitation unit where they learn strategies for the skills needed to return home and to the community.

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People with Long-Term Physical Disability Have a Lot to Share About Successful Aging

As people age, they may experience new and chronic health conditions that make it difficult to participate in activities at home, at work, and in the community. For many people, successful aging means avoiding preventable conditions which may lead to disability, maintaining physical and social activity, and interacting with the community in meaningful ways. People who were born with disabilities or developed them early in life may experience aging differently from people who first develop disabilities as older adults.

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Electrical Stimulation May Help Reduce Nerve Pain for People with Spinal Cord Injury

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. Nearly half of people with SCI experience recurring nerve pain in areas below their injury. This pain may not go away, even with medications. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a procedure that may reduce nerve pain in people with SCI by “resetting” brain areas that react to pain. In tDCS, a weak electrical current is applied to the scalp using two electrodes on opposite sides of the head.

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With Clear Goals and a Holistic Approach, Organizations Can Move from Sheltered to Integrated Services to Benefit Clients with IDD

People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have lifelong conditions that may affect their ability to communicate, learn, or make decisions. Historically, adults with IDD have often received services in job or recreation facilities that are segregated or sheltered, where they may only interact with other people with disabilities and support staff, rather than an integrated setting where they may interact with people with and without disabilities.

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Brief Coaching Can Help Youth Receiving Wraparound Services Become More Engaged in Their Treatment Planning

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in five children or youth may at some point have a serious emotional, mental, or behavioral disorder such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or conduct disorder. They may receive services from clinicians, social workers, and other mental health professionals.  “Wraparound” is a comprehensive, team-based program providing individualized services to children and youth with serious mental health conditions and available in most states.

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Algunas Personas Pueden Desarrollar Depresión o Problemas de Conducta Poco Después de una LCT, Pero la Identificación Temprana Puede Disminuir el Impacto

Más de 2 millones de estadounidenses experimentan una lesión cerebral traumática (LCT) cada año, según los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Una LCT es daño cerebral permanente de un golpe a la cabeza, tal como de una caída u otro accidente. La LCT puede ser leve, moderada, o severa. Las personas pueden experimentar la pérdida de memoria (amnesia) durante los primeros días después de una LCT. Algunas personas con LCT pueden desarrollar cambios mentales o emocionales después de su lesión.

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For Adolescents with Traumatic Brain Injury, Problem-Solving Styles Matter in Social Situations

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is brain damage resulting from an external force, such as a fall or car accident. TBI can be mild, moderate or severe. People with TBI may have trouble with social problem-solving, which is the process of interpreting social cues and responding appropriately in social situations.

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For People with Traumatic Brain Injury, Early Depression and Behavior Problems May Be Connected

Over 2 million Americans experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A TBI is lasting brain damage from a blow to the head such as from a fall or car accident. TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe. Some people with TBI may develop mental or emotional challenges after their injury. Two of the most common challenges are depression (including feeling chronically sad or down, and losing interest or pleasure in doing things), and behavior issues, such as becoming more impulsive or having trouble making decisions.

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