Las personas con discapacidades tienen tasas de empleo más bajas que las personas sin discapacidades: Según el Informe Anual sobre las Estadísticas de Discapacidad de 2015, sólo 34% de los estadounidenses con discapacidades en edad laboral estaban empleados en 2014, en comparación con 75% de los estadounidenses sin discapacidades en edad laboral. Las personas con discapacidades pueden enfrentar múltiples barreras que dificultan la búsqueda o el mantenimiento de empleos.
People with disabilities have lower employment rates than people without disabilities. According to the 2015 Disability Statistics Annual Report, only 34% of working-age Americans with disabilities were employed in 2014, compared with 75% of working-age Americans without disabilities. People with disabilities may face multiple barriers that make it harder to find or keep jobs. Some of these barriers include employers’ misconceptions about hiring and accommodating a person with a disability, inaccessible work spaces or equipment, or a lack of transportation to get to a work site.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that affects how people communicate and process information. People with ASD may have trouble expressing themselves verbally, responding to social cues, or adapting to changing situations. These challenges may make it difficult for youth with ASD to find and keep jobs in the community. Many youth with ASD may benefit from training in job-related social skills, as well as individualized on-the-job support from a job coach to help with behavioral or social challenges.
Las personas con discapacidad visual tienen dificultad para ver, incluso con gafas o lentes de contacto, o son incapaces de ver en absoluto cuando son ciegos. Las estadísticas muestran que los estadounidenses con discapacidades visuales en edad de trabajar tienen tasas de empleo mucho más bajas que sus compañeros sin discapacidades. Las investigaciones anteriores han encontrado que las percepciones incorrectas de las personas que son ciegas o con discapacidades visuales contribuyen a esta tasa de empleo baja.
People with visual impairments have difficulty seeing, even with glasses or contact lenses, or are unable to see at all when they are blind. Statistics show that working-age Americans with visual impairments have much lower employment rates than their peers without disabilities. Past research has found that inaccurate perceptions about people who are blind or visually impaired contribute to this low employment rate.
Individual placement and support (IPS) is an evidence-based supported employment program designed to help people with mental health disabilities find and keep jobs. In an IPS program, employment specialists work with clients in the community mental health setting to develop job goals, find job placements, and receive on-the-job supports. IPS programs may be run by state departments of mental health or vocational rehabilitation or they may be run within community mental health centers.
People with disabilities may encounter barriers to obtaining competitive employment, meaning full- or part-time work in an integrated setting that pays at least a minimum wage. These barriers may include inaccessible work sites, a lack of transportation, and health challenges that make it difficult to keep a traditional work schedule. Self-employment is an alternative that can reduce these challenges by giving people with disabilities more control over their work setting and schedule.
El trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) es un trastorno neurológico y de desarrollo que comienza temprano en la infancia y dura toda la vida de una persona. TEA puede afectar la forma en que una persona actúa e interactúa con otros, se comunica, y aprende. Por ejemplo: Una persona con TEA puede expresar ideas y emociones de manera diferente, puede exhibir comportamientos repetitivos, o puede tener dificultad en adaptarse a situaciones nuevas o cambiantes.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout a person's life. ASD can affect how a person acts and interacts with others, communicates, and learns. For example: A person with ASD may express ideas and emotions differently, may exhibit repetitive behaviors, or may have difficulty adapting to new or changing situations.
The unemployment rate for young African American men was as high as 33 percent in 2013 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The problem of unemployment is even more profound for young African American men with substance use disorders who face additional stressors that may worsen symptoms of substance abuse and interfere with opportunities for employment.
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