SCI Fall-Related Unintentional Injury Calculator

Krause, J.S.; Li, C.; and Cao, Y.
Project title: 
A Multidisciplinary Approach to Translating New Knowledge into Practice to Promote Health and Well-Being after Spinal Cord Injury.
Project Number: 
Tool type: 
Tool class: 
Nonengineering tool
Disability targeted: 
Spinal cord injury
Study purpose or goal: 
This is a tool to help people understand the risk of unintentional injuries due to falls among people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Unintentional injuries are unplanned and unexpected. Examples include broken bones, dislocations, burns, and cuts. This tool is based on our study of 4670 people with SCI. It focuses on unintentional injuries that happen as a result of a fall where one has been injured seriously enough to receive medical care in a clinic, emergency room, or hospital. We will show the probability of having at least one unintentional injury due to fall in a 12 month time frame. This is based on identifying how other people with SCI who have completed the same basic questions. The estimates give a general idea of risk and what places people with SCI at risk for unintentional injuries. They will help people to see how likely, on average, to have an unintentional injury due to a fall based on a number of factors, including health behaviors. It is based on our research. Findings vary from study to study, so the estimates again are only to give a general idea of an individual’s risk compared to that of others with similar characteristics. It also will help people to see how they can reduce their risk of unintentional injuries.
Ease of use: 
Very easy
Development methodology: 
Our Unintentional Injuries Due To Falls Calculator used the following factors: 1. Sex 2. Current age 3. Years post-injury 4. Walking status 5. SCI neurological level 6. Race/ethnicity 7. Household income 8. Weight status 9. Alcohol misuse 10. Non-medical substance misuse 11. Frequency of prescription medication usage 12. Prescription medication misuse Source of data: The data upon which the calculations are based are taken from a study of behavioral factors and unintentional injuries (Cao, DiPiro, Li, Roesler, and Krause, 2019).
Consumer input: 
Stakeholder focus groups
There are factors that relate to risk of unintentional injuries due to falls that are not accounted for within this formula. We are unable to include other factors because we have used findings from a single study.
Is this tool available free of charge?: 
Tool URL:
Tool contact: 
Melinda Jarnecke,